Teach a man tofish
In 1985, therewas little rainfall in Ethiopia, which led to poor harvests and the death ofmany of the country’s cattle.
The gravity ofthe situation shocked Bob Geldof, an Irish musician,
so he organizeda charity concert called Live Aid to raise money for the victims of hunger inEthiopia.
The concert tookplace on 13 July 1985 in two places - London and Philadelphia - and includedthe biggest stars of the time.
Geldof intendedthe concert to raise money for hungry relief and to make the public more awareof the problem.
In the end, $100million was raised, which was used to buy food and to provide help withdevelopment project in Ethiopia.
The concert alsomade the headlines around the world, and put great pressure on politicians andstatesmen to do something about the problem of the world hunger.
Live Aid was in1985, and for many people in the developing world, disease and poverty arestill aserious problems.
According to theUnited Nations, ten million people die every year of starvation or problemrelated to having a poor diet.
In fact, hungeris the world’s number one health risk, killing more people than any disease.
In wrestlingwith the dilemma of worldwide hunger, the United Nations set up an agencycalled the World Food Programme (WFP) in 1963.
The WFP hasorganized a number of programmes, including the Food-for-Life programme, whichsends emergency food aid to countries during times of trouble;
theFood-for-Growth programme, which targets people most at ris四台甫楼k, such as babies,pregnant women and t北回归线he old people;
and theFood-for-Work programme, which helps people without jobs support themselves bygiving them work and paying them in food aid.
Throughprogrammes like these, the WFP has helped more than one billion people since itwas set up.
This is beyonddoubt an amazing achievement, but is it enough?
Today, somedeveloping countries in Africa, Asia and South America stand at a crossroads.
While they areseeing great development, they are still poorer than many countries in otherparts of the world,
and there is adanger that they could fall further behind developed countries.
They need help,but the sad truth is that merely sending loaves of bread is not enough
It is only ashort-term solution to a long-term problem.
There is asaying that goes “Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man tofish, and you feed him for a his l甲胎蛋白ife.”
In order to finda permanent solution to this long-term problem, countries need to develop sothat they can either grow the food they need, or having enough money to buythis food on the world market.
What developingcountries really need to do is to stop poverty by fighting the causes of it.
One way to helpa country develop is to improve its infrastructure.
Theinfrastructure of a country is what makes everything run well, and it includesthings like transport, irrigation, electricity, telephones and schools.
These thingsprovide a framework for new jobs to be created, allowing people to helpthemselves so that they no longer need to depend on others.
Another way tohelp a country is through the development of private enterprise along with jobtraining in order to address the problem of unemployment.
For example, inAfghanistan, housewives and widows have been taught to sew clothing, which theycan sell for extra income.
In easternNigeria, young people are being trained to use computer technology to developtheir problem-solving and communication skills, and to find new occupations inthe field of technology.
In South Africa,a community programme is providing training and help for people without jobs orhomes, so that they can learn to make works of art to sell to tourist
Although this isa bit different from conventional businesses, the programme is growing fast,and many people have been quite successful in it.
Finally, we mustremember that the future of a country lies in the hands of its children.
This is whyeducation and training for young people is so important.
There arehundreds of success stories from all over the developing world, showing that alot is being done to fight poverty,
yet we cannotpretend that the fight is over.
Poverty is stillkilling people.
However, thesesmall victories are a good start towards a better future, as they are not theresult of giving a man a single fish so that he can eat for a day.
They are theresult of teaching a man to fish so that he can fill his belly for a lifetime.
A gift for thefuture
by Lin Wen
In the nextsever萍水相逢al decades, the world’s population will increase to about nine billionpeople.
This should setalarm bells ringing, since the bare fact is that, in order for everyone tosurvive, serious adjustments need to be made in worldwide development.
This developmentneeds to be different from past development, which polluted the environment andwasted natural resources.
One possiblesolution to this problem now being discussed is sustainable development.
Sustainabledevelopment focuses on preserving the environment and natural resources.
It is all aboutcreating better health care, education, housing and improved standard of livingfor everyone.
This is a simpleidea, but one that is hard to put into practice.
However, it issomething that we must do, because without sustainable development our futureand the lives of our children and our grandchildren will be in danger.
Nearlyeverything we do in our modern lives requires the use of Earth’s naturalresources.
These naturalresources provide the energy to do many important things: for transport, forboiling water, and for powering electrical equipment.
The list is almostendless.
For all thesethings, we mostly depend on fuels such as coal, gas and oil to produce energy.
Coal, gas炎亚纶,丁程鑫-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张 andoil are found underground.
Once deposits ofthese fuels are used up, they are gone.
We are nowconsuming these fuels at a much higher rate than they are being produced.
Some peoplebelieve that if this continues, oilfields and coal mines will become empty inthe future.
On top of this,burning these fuels produces carbon dioxide, which is harmful to theenvironment.
Carbon dioxidecontributes to air, water and soil pollution and causes acid rain.
This is why manypeople are pushing for the use of alternative energy sources.
Alternativeenergy sources can be used without running out.
Some examples ofthe alternatives are solar energy, wind energy and hydroelectricity.
As people arebecoming more aware of the need to protect the environment, these types ofenergy are becoming more and more popular.
Solar energyuses the sun to provide heat, light, hot water and electricity.
The most commonway to gather solar energy is to use a complex system of mirrors, pipes and astorage tank.
The solarradiation shines onto the mirrors and heats them as well as the pipes belowthem.
The pipes haveoil or water inside them, which is heated and sent to the storage tank untilneeded or used to produce electricity.
In the past,wind power wes used to pump water and make flour from grains.
Today, windpower is used to produce electricity.
Wind power unitsare placed at least thirty metres above the ground, where there is a lot ofwind.
Of all therenewable energy sources, hydroelectricity is the oldest and most commonly.
Hydroelectricityuses the force of water flow to produce electricity, so power plants must beover a water source.
Developments intechnology have allowed us to store and send electricity from water power sothat it can be used by people not near the power source.
In many parts ofthe world, tentative steps are being taken to introduce these forms ofalternative energy.
For example,some people in Nigeria are training to use solar energy,
and in CostaRica, people are now using hydroelectricity to provide power for their smallvillages.
Many of thesecommunities did not have any form of electricity or power before this.
The introductionof programmes like these will hopefully help end the systematic destruction ofthe environment and see alternative energy promoted around the world.
This will meangood things for our future, our children’s future and our grandchildren’sfuture.
Populationmovement in the USA
In this editionof American Living, we are looking at some population trends in the USA.
Aging in the sun
Older Americansare on the move.
Throughout theMidwest and the Northeast, people aged 60 and over are packing their bags andheading south along the freeway to states like Florida.
For some ofthese people the move 翁帆的父亲is permanent, but for others it is only a few months ofthe year.
For decades,Florida has been attracting older residents.
In fact,according to the national population survey conducted recently, Florida is hometo the largest population of people aged 65 and older.
This group makesup over 17 percent of the state’s population.
The nationalaverage was only about 12.7 percent, so it is not surprising that Florida isknown as the oldest place in the USA.
The question is,though, why are so many people retiring and spending their pensions in Florida?
People give avariety of reasons, from wanting better health care to looking for communitiesof older people.
Most agree,however, that they like the climate in Florida, which, apart from a fewhurricanes, is warmer than than in other places.
“Younger peoplemight like snow and cold, but people my age, such weather is very tough; snow canturn into ice, which is easy to slip on. We prefer staying comfortable, andthat’s why moving somewhere warmer makes sense,” says Edna, a 78-year-old womanliving in Florida.
Most US citizensretire around the age of 62, and the trend seems to be for them to move towarmer places.
Florida is apopular choice for these people because of the pleasant climate and the lowcost of living there.
As the number ofolder Americans moving there increases, more changes are made to cater to them.
For example,ambulances response faster now,
and many houseshave bathrooms designed for older owners, with things like easy-to-use bathtubsthat reduce the risk of slips and falls.
Such adaptationsare making Florida even more attractive to older people.
“My wife and Ihave come to Florida every winter for years, but now we want to buy a 轻小说文库househere because the community understands the needs of older people.
I can play bingohere, plant my herb garden and watch seagulls at the beach.
Also, I knowthat we will get good medical care and will be surrounded by friends our age,”68-year-old David says.
Bright lights,big cities
Recently, therehas been a boom in population movements, and according to the nationalpopulation survey, 12.5 percent of the population moves every year.
Many of thesemore mobile people are moving to large cities, of these, most are young adults,who are flexible and can adapt to new places and situations well.
“Where are allthe young people?” asks Frank Smith, owner of Oceania Inn in a small Midwesterntown.
“Twenty yearsago, young people moved here and locals stayed after graduation.
Now, youngpeople - even my own flesh and blood - move away.”
Across the USA,people are noticing the same thing: young people are electing to live incities.
Young mobileadults give many different reasons for swapping their home towns for big cities
Some are lookingfor a good job, while some others seek exciting and fun things to do.
The one thingthat is clear, however, is that young people are speaking with one voice, “Tothe cities!”
Daniel, 27,explains, “Cities are more exciting.
The rent ishigh, but it’s a great place to meet people and find entertainment.
Cities ha何蔓莉vetheaters, museums and big sporting events, but small towns have none of these.
Maybe I’ll moveto a small town when I get married, but for now, I want to have fun.”
Angela, 21,adds, “I’d love to stay in the community where I grew up, but there are no jos.
I have to gowhere the big companies are, because I want to be a successful accountant, nota clerk or a waitress.
That’s why I’llmove to Los Angeles when I graduate from university.”
No group isassociated with moving and travelling than the Romany, who have been wanderingaround Europe and Asia for nearly 1,000 years.
This articleexplains the history of the Romany and s炎亚纶,丁程鑫-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张ome of the reasons for their movement.
The Romany arethought to have first come from India.
Over thecenturies, they split into different groups with different names, spreadinginto many countries, mostly in Europe.
They aslodeveloped their own language, of which there are now approximately sixtyvarieties.
The Romany havenever written down their history, so it is hard to cladeserverify their origins orexact history.
It is alsodifficult to be precise about how many Romanuy people there are, though theCouncil of Europe has suggested a number of about 9.8 million.
Many peopleoften refer to the Romany as ‘travellers’.
InEnglish-speaking countries, they are often called ‘Gypsies’ because of thebelief that they first came from Egypt.
However, todayit is not considered polite to use this term.
Their maincharacteristic is that they do not stay settled for a long period of time, andalways move on to another place.
In the past thitemeylived in carriages pulled by horses, but nowadays thay often use trucks orcoaches.
They resistmaking permanent homes, and choose not to become citizens of the countries thatthey move to.
Instead, theyprefer to stay in small groups, to protect and preserve their culture andfreedom.
The Romany’scluture is rich and diverse, and has been preserved for centuries from itsroots in India.
There is astrong focus on large families and on wearing traditional clothes andjewellery.
They often knowmany different trades, so they can find work wherever they travel.
The Romany lovemusic and they have influenced many musical styles throughout Europe.
They have alsobeen represented in many stories, books and films.
They are knownfor forture-telling, which is trying to predict a person’s future by looking attheir hands or special cards.
Although theyhave traditions of their own, they also adopt the languages and religions ofthe places they move to, to show respect for the local traditions.
However,thoughout their long history, the Romany have faced many troubles.
Their way oflife is very different, and their traditions are strange to people in thecountries they move to.
The Romany werenot trusted, and the way they dressed and looked was a reason for prejudice.
People thoughttheir clothes were worn and shabby, and their darker skin, due to their easternorigins, made them look different too.
With theirfrequent movements, they gained a reputation as thieves, who robbed people,moved away, and were then difficult to find.
Many people alsothought it was unfair that they lived in countries but didn’t pay taxes.
Others thoughtthey were pests, moving to free areas of land and always looking for work.
This collisionof culture between Europeans and the Romany led to many nations taking actionagainst them, even banning Romany groups from entering.
Laws were oncemade to try and break up their families, and force them to settle and becomepart of society.
Men and boyswere made to join the army or work, and women were forbidden from havingchildren.
In Norway andSwitzerland, children were even taken away from their mothers and put intoinstitutions.
In Spain, lawwere passed forbidding the use of the Romany lauguage and the wearing of theirtraditional clothes.
During World WarII, the Romany, along with gays and Jews, lived in terror.
The Nazis classifiedthem as a dangerous group, and followed a systematic policy of hunting andkilling them in large numbers.
Today, relationswith the Romany are much better than in the past.
This has beenhelped by the International Romany Union, which was recognized by the UnitedNations in the 1970s.
Some modernnations are now trying to help the Romany preserve their history, language andculture.
However,incidents still happen, and many people still do not tolerate them.
The topic of theRomany will co抛物线ntinue to be controversial, and the peace between them and manyEuropeans is tentative at best.
Their story isimportant for us to learn.
It both makes usfeel sympathy for them, and also maks us think about why we tend to haveprejudice against other people just because they have a different culture or a differentway of life.
In an Africanvillage, eleven-year-old Ajani is bathing his younger sister. His fater is deadand his mother is sick.
He hopes thathim mother will become healthy again, but this is not to be.
He hears anabrupt scream -- his mother has just died of Aids, the same disease that tookhis father.
He knows themeaning of the scream but -- too numb with sorrow to weep -- he gives asideways glance, and then continues to bathe his sister. What will happen tothem?
Aids is causedby a virus called HIV.
Sometimes,people with this deadly virus live for years with no outward sympotoms, so theydo not know that they are carries.
When someone hasAids, the person loses the ability to fight other illnesses.
Eventually, thebody’s immune system becomes so weak that the person often becomes very illfrom usually mild sickness. So far, there is no cure for Aids.
HIV is spreadingacross the world at a high rate, with about 7,000 people catching the virusdaily.
The virus isspread in three ways - it can be passed on through unprotected sex, throughblood and from a mother to her child.
The vastmajority of people receive HIV through unprotected sex with someone who alreadyhas HIV.
HIV can also bespread through blood, for example, if a person with HIV shares needles withanother person, or if someone receives his or her blood during an operation.
Finally, motherswith HIV can pass the virus on t北京南站o their child when they are pregant or givingbirth, or through their breast milk.
To avoid havinga child with HIV, some women with HIV seek abortions.
Contrary to whatmany people think, HIV cannot be spread through mosquitoes, a cough or sneeze,or by merely touching someone with Aids.
Although mostpeople are familiar with Aids and how it is spread,
many peoplethink that HIV and Aids are an African problem because there are so many HIVand Aids victims in Africa.
However, Sincethe disease burst on the scene in the 1980s, it has become a serious problemaround the world.
There are over30 million people living with HIV worldwide.
According toWorld Health Organization (WHO), more than 4 million children have died ofAids, and more than 15 million children had lost their paren一代女皇ts to Aids.
Something mustbe done to stop this disease.
China has alsobeen affected by the Aids.
By the end of2009, there were about 740,000 carriers in China, among whom about 105,000 wereAids patients.
In a bid tocon哈尔滨师范大学阿城学院trol the problem, the government has opened labs to monitor the disease, andin 2003 it also started providing free drugs for Aids patients.
Internationalhelp has also been very important in fighting Aids in China.
Dr David Ho, aChinese-American Aids expert,
has devotedhimself to bringing up-to-date technology and international attention toChina’s Aids problem.
Since 2001,organizations such as the United Nations have also been supporting Aidseducation and medicine programmes in China.
The UnitedNations has been very active in fighting Aids and HIV arou炎亚纶,丁程鑫-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张nd the world.
UNAIDS, anorganization within the United Nations, was founded in 1996 with the agenda ofhelping prevent the spread of AIDs.
UNAIDS providespeople with HIV testing and HIV or AIDs medical care.
It also teachesyoung people how to prevent Aids, and sets up treatment centres,
where motherswith HIV can receive medicine to help keep them from passing HIV on to theirchildren.
The work ofinternational organizations is even more important when you consider how muchmore severe the situation could become.
Between 2000 and2020, over 68 million people will die of Aids.
The number ofchildren losting both parents to Aids is also expected to rise.
While losingone’s parents to this disease seems terrible and unfair, Ajani and his sisterare fortunate.
Their grandfatheris now caring for them,
and becausetheir mother had access to prescription Aids medicines when she was pregnant,they did not get HIV from her.
Ajani now wantsto be a doctor when he grows up.
He believes thateducating as well as medical treatment is the key to stopping the disease inthe future.
Just say NO!
Taking drugsoften begin as just experiment, but it often ends in a messy situation.
In this article,we will discuss the dangers of this vice.
Why do peopletake drugs?
People takedrugs illegally for a number of reasons.
Some people trythem because they are curious.
Others takedrugs to rebel against their families or society.
A number ofpeople also try drugs for the first time because they want to be accepted bytheir friends who are drug users.
What happenswhen people take drugs?
There are threemain classes of drugs, each of which has a different effect on the body.
Some drugs maymake people feel happy, while others can make users feel tired or see thingsthat are not really there.
Although thesedrugs can produce different reactions, they can all make people addicted.
One class ofdrugs is called uppers.
Uppers canincrease the heart rate and make users feel very energetic and happy.
The side effectsof drugs in this class include difficulty sleeping, nervous tension, heartattacks and, in some cases, death.
An example of anupper is a drug called speed, which is usually taken as a tablet or capsule.
Speed is oftenused as a weight-loss pill, because it reduces one’s appetite.
Some uppers arelegal, such as nicotine, which is found in cigars and cigarettes, and caffeine,which is in coffee, tea and cocoa.
As smokers maytell you, people can become easily addicted to nicotine, which is why they havetrouble quitting smoking.
Another class ofdrugs is often referred to as downers.
Drugs in thisclass can decrease the heart rate, make users sleepy and may give users anartificial sense of pleasure -- though this effect fades after a time.
Downers areknown to cause headaches, feelings of sadness and a weak pulse.
In somesituations, using downers can lead to death.
An example ofthis type of drug is heroin, which is usually taken as a shot or is sniffed.
Heroin is one ofthe most powerful drugs in the world.
Even a smallamount of it is enough to slow the brain and the body’s reactions, and heroinusers usually become addicted and begin a downward slide after only a few usesof the drug.
Alcohol is alsoclassified as a downer, and although it is legal, it can damage the liver anddo great harm if consumed in large quantities.
The last groupof drugs can change the way people think and see the world.
They confuse thebrain and sometimes cause people to see and/or hear things that are not real.
An example ofthis type of drugs is LSD, which produces reactions ranging from increasedheart rate to acute anxiety.
In severe cases,LSD users may kill themselves because of what they see and/or hear.
While in thebeginning some people may even enjoy abusing drugs, in the end drug users findthemselves trapped in a prison from which they cannot escape. Drug abuse oftensucks the life right out of a person.
What does thelaw say about taking drugs?
Most drugs areillegal unless they are given to you by a doctor.
The type andquantity of illegal drugs a person is carrying when caught by the policedetermine the punishment.
Punishmentsrange from a small fine and a few days in prison to a large fine and even thedeath sentence.
How can drugusers seek help?
Many drug userswish they could start over again. While they cannot wipe away the stain of thepast, they can certainly move forward.
They shouldfirst admit their problem with drugs, and then they should seek help from ahospital or drug clinic.
Programmesoffered at such hospitals and clinics may include
a stay inhospital and taking special medicines to help break the addiction.
Since manyformer drug abusers have psychological problems, they often need support groupswhere they can talk about their strugles and find new ways to manage in theworld.
The easiest wayto avoid the health problems and hardships caused by illegal drugs is not touse them in the first place.
Saying NO todrugs is an important part of protecting one’s health and life for the future.
Ladies andgentlemen, as the Internet has expanded in recent years, the opportunities forcrime have expanded as well.
Committing陈婷 crimeonline is no longer a theoretical possibility.
We are facingcriminals who realize that can make money with little risk of being caught.
Fighting thiskind of crime, which is called cybercrime, requires great effort and involvesmany countries working together.
Cybercrimerefers to any criminal offence related to the Internet.
The Council ofEurope has classified online crimes into four categories.
Firstly, thecouncil lists crimes related to a lack of proper Internet security,
such asdownloading or deleting other people’s files without permission, and spreadingcomputer viruses.
Second, itrecords crimes that are usually committed without a computer, but which canoccur over the Internet.
For example,some criminals use the Internet to cheat others of their money.
Third, thecouncil mentions websites which contain offensive information or encouragehatred and violence.
Last of all, itnames those offences related to intellectual property (intellectual property isa design, patent, book, film, etc., that the law prevents other people fromcopying).
At the Councilof Europe, we feel that it is important to classify such crimes, as it helps usassess the problem of cybercrime.
All Internetusers are affected by cybercrime in one way or another.
Most people havereceived computer viruses, and many have been the targets of e-mail that try tocheat them of money.
Some criminalssend e-mails promising money or cheques.
The peoplereceiving these e-mails are asked to supply information about their bankaccounts, and in the end, their money is stolen.
Although thereare an increasing number of such cases against people, crime against largecompanies is a bigger problem.
Large companiesare ripe targets for these criminals, who are often information technologyexperts.
Let me give yousome statistics.
A survey conductedin 2010 by the Computer Security Institute, a private organization in the USA,
showed that 45.6per cent of the 351 biggest companies and government agencies had had theirsecurity systems broken into in the previous year.
Securityconsultants tell us that cybercrime is costing fims worldwide hundreds ofbillions of dollars every year.
In some cases,the criminals steal money from the companies.
In many othercases, company databases or customer secrets are stolen, and the companies mustpay the thieves money to keep them from leaking the contents.
Considering howbad the situation with cybercrime against companies has become, many peoplewonder why so little is known about this.
The main reasonis that most cybercrime is not reported.
Until now, mostcompanies have been unwilling to report cases of cybercrime.
They fear thatby doing so, they will lose customers, who may think that the company cannotprotect their confidential information or their money.
All of this ismade more difficult by the legal situation regarding cybercrime.
Cybercrime is sonew that many governments have not yet passed laws against it, and there aremany holes in their legal systems.
Some countrieshave laws against traditional crimes committed using computers, but others haveno laws against cybercrime at all.
In addition,most countries do not have arrangements for dealing with suspects from othercountries who may have committed cybercrime.
These criminalscan be anywhere and can move fast, especially in Europe, where visas are notrequired to travel to many countries.
Thus, it isdifficult to catch criminals of cybercrime.
The only answerto this problem is international cooperation.
The technicalskills of these criminals are among the best in the world, which means thatgovernments must join forces to keep up with the advances in technology used bythe criminals.
It is alsoimportant to draft new laws and negotiate international standards for fightingcybercrime.
This will allowstates to follow criminals across borders.
Steps have beentaken towards this. In 2001, the Council of Europe produced an agreement oncybercrime,
which has beenapproved by the USA, Canada, Japan and South Africa, as well as by manyEuropean countries.
The Council ofEurope’s agreement is only a first steps.
One of thefathers of the Internet, Vinton Cert, would no doubt agree that teamwork is akey to dealing with cybercrime,
as he has saidthat the problem of cybercrime is so huge that it requires the United Nationsto form a special agency to act.
Certainly,governments and private businesses must work together to stop the widespreadproblem of cybercrime.
You andintellectual property
What isintellectual property?
The WorldIntellectual Property Organization (WIPO) recognizes intellectual property asideas, that belong to a person, organization or company.
Intellectualproperty can include inventions, patents, drawing, symbols, designs, novels,films and music.
Why are therelaws to protect intellectual property?
Laws have beenpassed in most countries that make it illegal to copy intellectual propertywithout paying the person who created the material.
If someonespends his or her time, effort and money writing a book, for example, he or shedeserves to be paid for it.
In the same way,if a company spends money researching and developing new products, that companyshould be paid for its work.
Research anddevelopment is very important in today’s business world, and ideas are morevaluable than many material things in the physical world.
For example, theraw materials used for making a car are not worth much until they are made intoa car.
What gives addedvalue to these raw material, then, is the technology used. The technology isintellectual property.
Further, if acar company becomes popular because of its cars, then the company’s brand name,the model name of the car, and even the style of the car may all have value asintellectual property.
For thesereason, it is also considered illegal to sell a product with the brand name ofanother company or product on it.
What are theproblems?
Many countrieshave no passed laws to protect intellectual property until very recently.
In thesecountries, some companies have become rich by producing pirated goods, such ascopies of expensive watches or purses, or copies of CDs or DVDs.
To help controlsuch problems and smooth the progress of international trade, the World TradeOrganization (WTO) was formed.
The WTO passeslaws to protect intellectual property.
One of theconditions of belonging to the organization is that these laws must be put intoeffect by member countries.
For exmple, whenyou enter a country which is a member of the WTO, your lugga成都地铁3号线ge may be inspectedby customs to make sure that you are not trying to import pirated goods, or thepolice may check street stands and shops to make sure that the goods they areselling are authenic.
Some people maythink that since they are not running a business or stealing business ideas,intellectual property laws do not affect them .
However, ineveryday life, we are now faced with decisions about how to respect intellectualproperty rights.
For example,most people have downloaded videos free流产后多久能够怀孕 from the Internet.
Many have alsocopied and shared computer software. All of this is illegal.
In 2005 alone,film companies in Hollywood lost around $3 to $4 billion because of illegalcopying and downloading from the Internet.
In 2009, 41 percent of software on computers worldwide was pirated, which equaled a loss of$53 billion for the people who made the software.
Even morewidespread is the copying of music, especially with the development of newcomputer programmes.
What should wedo?
We should notbuy pirated products or download pirated music and films.
People who dothese things cost worldwide industries billions of dollars.
If you want tobuy a product that you suspect to be pirated, such as a purse, you should askto see a certificate or other evidence showing that it is real.
At present,pirated music and software are a serious challenge to the music and softwareindustries.
Therefore, manycompanies are protecting their intellectual property by taking people to court,and by adding special software to their CDs and DVDs in order to keep them fromcopied.
To help furtherthe fight against intellectual property theft, people should buy CDs and DVDsfrom respected shops instead of downloading them free or buying piratedversions.
Remember thatcompanies expect to be compensated for their material, and that they will notsimply accept an apology.
Many people havebeen fined or even gone to prison for pirated goods.
Please remember,it is important to be careful and be legal!