Stand up foryour health!
People havealways enjoyed laughing, and there has always been humour.
One favouritetype of comedy is called stand-up.
Stand-up is akind of comedy that is done on a stage by a comedian talking straight toaudience members.
A stand-upcomedian may tease an audience member,
or might decideto tell different jokes depending upon how the audience reacted to his or herprevious jokes.
There are a varietyof different styles of stand-up comedy.
Some comedianstell jokes about the way people behave or about daily life.
For example,they may talk about how people act when they queue up,
or they may askwhy it only rains when you forget your umbrella.
Other comediansrely on visual humour.
Their humour maybe inspired by objects.
For example, onecomedian uses a huge hammer to break watermelons while he makes jokes aboutwhat he is doing.
Another comedianpoints to a video tennis game and says, ‘I’ve been playing tennis every day fora month.
I don’tunderstand why I am not losing weight!’
Yet othercomedians may trip over chairs, walk into doors, and fall down on stage inorder to make people laugh.
This kind ofabsurd humour is not very funny if you are only listening and not watching thecomedians’s performance.
The last kind ofcomedian does impressions--he or she will act or speak like a well-known personin order to make fun of that person.
While this kindof humour may sound cruel,
it usually onlyworks if both the comedian and the audience have affection for or admire theperson being made fun of.
Only a fewstand-up comedians have become famous as television and film performers lateron in life.
One such personis Billy Crystal.
Like otherstand-up comedians who have gone on to act in films, Crystal still enjoysstand-up.
People aroundthe world enjoy watching him when he hosts the Academy Awards.
He has hostedthe show eight times.
Each time, heperforms his stand-up routine in front of millions of people when the show isbroadcast live on TV.
One little-knownfact is that when Crystal is the hos旋极信息t of the Academy Awards, he always keeps atoothbrush in his pocket for good luck!
He says it isbecause when he started practising stand-up as a child, he told himself jokeswhile standing in front of the mirror, brushing his teeth!
One reasonCrystal has become so famous is that he is very quick thinking,
and is oftenable to come up with new jokes about the people and things around him.
When Crystal wasthe host of the 2004 Academy Awards, a very old actor, who had acted in filmsbefore 偏执狂they had sound, gave a speech.
He talked forseveral minutes, but there was a technical problem, and no one in the audiencecould hear him.
They could onlysee him standing there moving his lips.
Instead oftelling the joke he had planned, Crystal made up a new one.
He said, ‘Itseems appropriate that he got his start in silent films!’ The audience howledwith laughter.
Crystal ispopular with all age groups and has the ability to amuse people all over theworld.
This proves thatstand-up can be enjoyed by everyone.
You can expectto hear a lot more from Billy Crystal -- he has no plans to stop making films,or to stop telling jokes.
He hopes tofollow in the footsteps of other famous comedians, such as Bob Hope and GeorgeBurns,
who lived to be100 years old and kept working until nearly the end of their lives.
Laughter is goodfor your health!
Nowadays,stan格桑花,罗伊斯-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张d-up comedy is popular all over the world.
Doctors havebeen researching what effect stand-up and other forms of comedy have on us,
and havediscovered that people who laugh a lot live longer.
They say this isbecause when you laugh, your brain sends chemicals around your body that aregood for you.
Laughing helpsyour body stay healthy and can even help you fight pain.
Maybe thisexplains the long lives of men like Bob Hope and George Burns.
Whatever thereason, research shows that in the end, the English saying, ‘Laughter is thebest medicine’, may be true after all.
So, go and makesomeone laugh -- it just might help them (and you) live longer.
Setting: A park
Really, whatthis courtyard needs is a bench. Maybe here? (‘sits’ as if there is a bench)
No. (gets up,walks to the other side of the stage. Tony enters, but Mike does not notice)
Maybe here?(‘sits’ again) Yes, I think maybe here.
What are poyoudoing?
I’m sitting onan invisible bench, of course.
Can I join you?Of course. (moves over as if to make room for Tony)
Ah, it’s rathernice here, isn’t it?
Both ‘sit’ for awhile, reading their textbooks.
What is going onhere?
We’re sitting onan invisible bench.
You should joinus. It’s nice and cosy.
Okay. Thanks forthe invitation. (Mike and Tony move over. Cathy ‘sits’ down alongside them)
Wow, it’s quitecomfortable!
Sitting on aninvisible bench, are you?
Yes, how did youknow?
I was doing thesame thing myself, just yesterday. Mind if I sit down?
Not at all.Please do!
All make room.Mike stands up and wanders over to the middle of the stage and ‘sits’ down.
Ann enters,looks at Mike.
You look likeyou are sitting on an invisible bench.
Yes, I am.
What are theydoing over there?
We’re sitting onan invisible bench too!
No, you’re not.
No. I must haveforgotten to tell you. (smiles) It got too crowded, so I moved the bench.
Entire group(Tony, Paula and Cathy) fall down.
Characters: TheKing, the Queen, Servant
Setting: TheKing’s castle. King’s armchair is empty. Queen sits in her armchair, reading.
Where are al格桑花,罗伊斯-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张l ofour servants? They are so lazy. (yells) SERVANT! (Servant enters)
Yes, sir. Whatcan I bring you?
I need, no, Imust have, my (gives a serious look at Servant) important papers. (sits down)
Servant exits,comes back in with a pile of official-looking papers and gives them to King.
What are these?(throws them at Servant in anger)
No, no, no,bring my important papers! Servant bows, dashes out, comes back in with anewspaper.
No, you fool!(tears the paper in two) I must have my important papers RIGHT NOW!!!
Servant exits,comes back in with a magazine.
Ahhhh! (takesmagazine and runs after Servant. Servant runs away)
Bring ... my ...important... papers ... NOW! It’s an emergency! (to Queen) Tell him, dear!
Umm, (standing,announcing officially) the King requires his important papers.
It is your dutyto bring them to him at once. (to king) OK?
King movesaround in chair, looking uncomfortable.
Are you okay?You seem ... anxious ...
I’m fine. I justneed my (with a serious voice) important papers.
Servant burstsin, next to Queen, empty-handed, and looking worried.
Queen points toa dictionary, or poster on the wall, etc. Serv具荷拉龙俊亨冰场接吻ant runs to get it and presentsit to King.
NO NO NO NO!That is not right. Someone must be able to bring my important papers!
Queen tears apage from her book and offers it to King.
He glares atQueen. Servant dashes out, comes back in with something behind his back.
Sir? (holds outa roll of toilet paper)
Yes! My VERYi苹果床戏mportant papers!
(runs off stageas fast as possible, running into people and things on the way out)
The search forhappiness
We’re talkingabout happiness today. To some, happiness is being surrounded by family andfriends.
To others,happiness means achieving success in something, such as meeting a goal.
To those whohave been injured or struggle with a physical disability, happiness can simplymean a day without suffering or just being alive.
Our guest todayis Dr Brain, who has written several books about happiness and the thingspeople do to keep themselves happy.
Dr Brain, thankyou for joining us today.
Thank you forinviting me. Today, I’m going to talk about how to find happiness.赵明录
I understandthat you often use the example of the gymnast Sang Lan to show how people canfind happiness even during times of a personal catastrophe.
Yes, Sang Lan isa very good example of someone who is happy with her life, even when peopleexpect her to be sad.
Before heraccident, we knew her as a young girl who was happy and successful in hersport.
While she wasinjured and in hospital, s尾行he amazed the world by the way she remained cheerful.
Now, she findshappiness through reaching much smaller goals, and through the love of thepeople around her.
Well, in casesome of our viewers don’t know her story, can you tell us a little bit aboutSang Lan and who she is?
Of course. SangLan was born in Ningbo, China 格桑花,罗伊斯-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张in 1981, and began learning gymnastics when shewas only six years old.
By the time shecompeted in the gymnastics tournament at the New York Goodwill Games,
she had been ajunior gymnast for eleven years.
Sang Lan’s bestevent was always the vault.
She startedwinning competitions in 1991 and kept working hard.
Her teammatesdescribed her as energetic, happy and hard-working.
Even though hertraining meant that she had to live apart from her parents, she was happy todevote herself to gymnastics.
Sang Lan knewthat in those years, she was working towards something special, and she wasmaking her parents proud.
In 1998, a smallaccident during one of her practice vaults at the Good舒奈芙will Games could havecost her her future happiness.
A coach changedthe way the equipment was set up, but Sang Lan was not aware of the changeuntil it was too late.
She hit herhead, and then fell to the gymnastics mat with a broken neck.
She was rushedto a top hospital in 马耳他New York. Specialists from many parts of the world saidthat because of her severe injuries, she would never walk again.
That must havebeen difficult for her. She must have been very sad.
No, that is whyher story is so special.
Everyone who sawher, from nurses to famous visitors like Leonardo DiCaprio from the filmTitanic,
who went to seeher in the hospital to cheer her up, all said she was in good spirits.
Sang Lan knewthat for many people the secret to happiness is to have appreciation for thegood things in life, and to focus on goals.
Instead ofcrying about what she had lost and feeling hopeless, Sang Lan thought aboutwhat she could do to get better.
Her teammateswere competing while she was in hospital.
When theyvisited her and told her about their successes, she was happy for them.
When the doctorstold her that she would never again be a gymnast,
she was able toovercome her sorrow by being proud of the things she had accomplished.
She feltthankful to be alive and lucky to have the rest of her life to learn newthings.
That is reallyamazing, Dr Brain. How old was she when this happened?
She was onlyseventeen years old.
And how has SangLan adapted to her new life?
Very well. Shewent back to China, and graduated from Peking University in 2007 with a degreein broadcasting.
She also hosteda sports programme about the 2008 Beijing Olympics, and continues to be apopular figure on TV.
However, herprimary goal is to advocate better treatment for disabled people.
She says thatshe likes to be optimistic.
She alsobelieves that keeping busy helps her stay positive.
I hope all ofour viewers have been inspired by Sang Lan!朵拉小保姆 I think her courage is admirable.
I know I willthink about how she rebuilt her life whenever my life feels unbearable.
It is nice to lookback on my school days in the countryside in England.
I had all myfriends around me and the encouragement and guidance of my family.
My whole lifewas still ahead of me.
At that point inmy life, I could have done anything or become anyone.
I think thosegolden days at school were the happiest of my life.
I remembersometimes feeling in a rush to grow up and be independent, but I was still veryhappy.
I didn’t haveany worries in life.
I could spendall day outside, playing in the sunshine with my friends, and we always hadinteresting things to talk about.
At home, myparents took care of everything important.
All I had to dowas go to school and spend a few hours studying when I came home.
At the weekends,for entertainment, I could see friends, visit my grandparents, read books, orplay sport.
As an innocentchild, I didn’t need to think about hardships such as problems at work, orworry about income or how to take care of a family.
All I had to dowas enjoy my adolescence.
Young peopleshould never forget that good health is an important part of happiness.
It is hard tostay happy and cheerful when you are ill, or when you are old and your bodyaches.
When I wasyoung, I could run many kilometres and I would not feel tired.
I felt like Icould do anything.
Now I am gettingold, it is easy for me to get tired, and I must be careful not to hurt myself.
I wish I couldstill play sport because that made me very happy.
I’ve had awonderful life and I’m proud when I think about my achievements.
I have beenhappy about different things at different times during my life,
but my mostvivid and happiest memories are those of school days,
so I think thatwas the happiest time in my life.
When I imaginemy future, I see myself successful in my job and surrounded by my family.
I predict therewill be new technology which will allow people to live longer and be healthier.
This is why Ithink my happiest days will be in the future.
The technologyof the future will allow me and my family to be healthy, and never worry aboutillness.
No one will besad because humans will have learnt to fix many of the problems that affect usnow, like war, pollution and hunger.
People will beable to communicate better.
Technology willguarantee good health and happiness for all!
I imagine thatthe workday will be only four hours long, and everyone can work part-time jobsthat are very interesting.
We will havehandy robots and computers to assist us with the things that are boring.
This will simplifyour lives.
Maybe there willeven be automatic kitchens to cook instant meals for us.
Then familieswill be able to spend the maximum amount of their precious time enjoying eachother’s company and the minimum amount of time doing housework.
I will also behappy because I will be an adult then.
It’s hard tofocus on being happy when you are a teenager!
We have to workso hard at school, and when we try to take time to relax, there is alwayssomeone telling us things we should be doing or learning.
In the future, Iwill be more mature and be able to make my own decisions and do the things thatI enjoy.
I will have asecure job that I like and I will find happiness in being successful at it.
It is nice tothink that my happiest days are still ahead of me.
Thinking thisway gives me the motivation to work hard now so that I can enjoy my futurelife.
Hi, everyone. Myname’s Ma Li.
I need some helpon my homework--it’s abou柴胡疏肝散t cultural differences.
Can I sit downand talk to you?
Hi, Ma Li, I’mWaled from Brunei.
And I’m Peter,from the UK. Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet youtoo. Can you tell me about some cultural differences you have found?
Waled, why don’tyou tell her about the British teacher who opened the present as soon as hereceived it at the end-of-term ceremony?
Oh, I alreadyknow about that one. My American friend Jack did the same thing.
Well, it’s whatwe do in the West. It’s rude not to open a present when someone gives you one.
We like to seehow the person reacts. We think it’s strange not to open it!
What would beanother cultural difference … let me think.
Well, I oncewent to an acquaintance’s wedding in Korea and I was very surprised.
Why was that?
Well, they had alive hen and a rooster as a part of the wedding ceremony.
Yes, Roostersare supposed to drive bad spirits away from the wedding ceremony, and the hensare thought to ensure good luck for the marriage.
During theceremony, the hen laid an egg, and everyone congratulated the new couplebecause it was considered very lucky.
That’sinteresting! In Brunei, at wedding receptions men and 格桑花,罗伊斯-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张women have to sit inseparate areas--the men with the bridegroom, and the women with the bride.
Anotherdifference is that while we serve food, soft drinks, tea and coffee,
alcohol is notpermitted at the wedding reception--in fact, alcohol is altogether prohibitedin Brunei.
And you probablywouldn’t get much sleep if you lived near where a wedding reception was beingheld.
That’s becausewe play loud drums to celebrate the wedding for hours afterwards, and sometimeseven throughout the night!
Throughout thenight? Yeah, people get used to it.
So what otherthings do you do in your country that are different from other countries,Waled?
Well, you knowin many countries people point with their first finger.
However, inBrunei that can cause offence, so we use our thumb to point.
It’s quite funnywatching the new foreign teachers trying to adjust to doing that.
Another thingis, if you came to Brunei, you would have to take off your shoes before goinginto someone’s house.
Many foreignershave trouble getting accustomed to it.
But what isreally interesting is that there are sometimes great cultural differences evenbetween native English speakers.
I am alwaysamazed at how Americans are so different from us Brits.
Even though weshare the same language--with different accents, of course--our customs are notalways alike.
Really? Yes, forexample, I have fond childhood memories of Bonfire Night,
but my Americanfriends are not familiar with that particular festival
Well, I’m notfamiliar with it either.
Oh, it’s acelebration that takes place on November 5th every year.
People lightlarge fires outside, and everyone gathers around and has a party.
There are plentyof fireworks, and everyone eats hot dogs and other food that can be cooked overthe fire. It’s great fun.
Well, it’s timefor me to go. This has been a really interesting chat.
I think now Iunderstand a lot more about different cultures and what is appropriatebehaviour.
It’s reallyhelped me with my homework! I hope we can talk again soon.
After all,learning about cultural differences is a good way to understand more about eachother. See you later!
See you! Right,later!
CulturalExperience Tours - the travel company with a difference.
We offer you thechance to visit different minority cultures and experience for yourself theirtraditions, customs and way of life.
A chance to meetthe Inuit people of Nunavut in Canada.
While stayingwith the Inuit people you will have the chance to ride on a dog sled and travelin a seal-skin boat.
If you do noteat meat, this tour is not for you, as the Inuit eat mostly seal, deer, whalemeat and fish.
This means格桑花,罗伊斯-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张 theyneed to move around to hunt for food in the Arctic Circle.
You will jointhem there, and stay in tents and wear clothes made from animal skin.
The Inuitbelieve in animal spirits.
They usuallylive in small family groups but have large summer assemblies for feasts andcelebrations.
You will havethe chance to join one of these large assemblies and take part in the dancing,listen to traditional accounts of bravery, and play games.
While dancingyou may even be asked to wear a special animal dance mask which is usuallycarved from wood.
You will learnto make some of their native jewellery, which miwivonis made from animal claws andwolf bones.
A trip to Kakadoin Australia will include a three-day stay in an Aboriginal village.
Here you willhave the chance to see Aboriginal ceremonies with singing and dancing based onancient beliefs.
These ceremoniessometimes go on for hours.
The Aboriginesb彪言彪语elieve that Great Spirits created all the people, animals and plants on Earth.
They believethat these Spirits put people, plants and birds in different places and maderules and laws to govern them.
The Aboriginescollect food from the bush around them and often hunt down holes for largesnakes.
You will get thechance to try some very strange food!
On this trip youwill get to learn about their musical instruments and the boomerang, which theyuse to hunt animals.
New Zealand ishome to the Maoris.
It is believedthat the Maori people came from the Pacific islands of Polynesia.
They broughtwith them a culture rich in song, dance and art.
The Maori peoplebelieve in many gods such as the God of the Forest and the God of the Sea.
These gods areremembered through song and dance.
The Maoris havea traditional meeting house, where visitors are welcomed.
This will be theplace where you will meet with the Maoris and join with them in dance.
You will staywith a family in their wooden house in the area of Rotura.
There you willeat food such as fish and sweet potato,
which is cookedin leaves steamed over hot stones.
You will get thechance to eat food cooked in underground stoves. You will also get the chanceto go night fishing.
Tour 4--NativeAmerican Indian Adventure
There are manydifferent tribes that belong to the Native American Indian group.
On this trip youwill visit a tribe in the centre of North America.
They are knownas the Plains Indians, as they live on the plains.
The PlainsIndians believe in the Great Spirit who has power over all things includinganimals, trees, stones and clouds.
You will sleepin an Indian tent and wear clothes made from animal skin.
You will takepart in the Sun Dance, which is a very important ceremony, and you will alsosee natives smoking a peace pipe.
There will be abow and arrow competition designed to retell how the Plains Indians used tohunt for food.
Food willinclude meat roasted over an open fire.
The UN-bringingeveryone closer together
I am pleased tohave this chance today to talk to you about the United Nations, or the UN, asit is more often referred to.
The UN is aninternational organization made up of countries that want to promote worldpeace.
I am very happyto have been cho刘东强在美sen to be a Goodwill Ambassador for them.
Being a GoodwillAmbassador means that I visit countries where the UN operates programmes tohelp people.
I feel veryhonoured to have been able to take on this role.
Later I shalltell you about some of the work I have done.
First I shouldgive you a short description of the UN. So when was the United Nations set up?
It was set upjust after the Second World War, in October 1945 by 51 countries.
Today, nearlyevery nation in the world belongs to the UN-191 countries altogether.
The UN has fourmain functions: to keep international peace;
to developfriendly relationships among nations; to work together in solving internationalpolitical conflicts and in promoting respect for human rights;
and to be acentre for organizing the actions or work of different nations.
As you know, theUN touches the lives of people everywhere.
The organizationis helping end some of the world’s most horrible conflicts.
The UN does nothave its own army. Instead, it borrows soldiers from different countries thatbelong to the UN.
With the help ofthese armies and other worthy organizations, the UN assists the victims of warsand disasters.
In addition, theUN helps protect human rights and works to improve international laws,
forexample,those on child labour and on equal rights for minorities and women.
That is a littleabout the UN.
Now let me tellyou about the work I have been doing with them.
My job with theUN is not paid, but voluntary, and as I said before,鄂b I visit countries wherethe UN has programmes to help people.
So, how do Ihelp by visiting these countries?
Well, if I visitthese countries, the television and press will follow and record my visits.
This willincrease people’s knowledge of the work of the UN.
In addition, myvisits will encourage people working on the projects and draw local people’sattention to the situation.
I have visitedmany countries in Africa.
Recently, I wasfortunate enough to travel to South Africa, where I met some women who haveorganized themselves into a group.
They collectapproximately 1.35 yuan per day from each member and add it to some moneycontributed by the government.
With this, thewomen have enough money to acquire materials to make baskets.
They then sellthese at the market.
With luck theirgroup will be able to expand and maybe set up a shop.
There are lotsworthwhile programmes like this under the umbrella of the UN that have helpqq音乐播放器edmillions of people across the world.
Apart from theurgent problems caused by wars and conflicts,
the UN helpscountries with other problems such as lack of education, starvation, disasters,AIDS and other diseases.
At a UN meetingin 2000, all of its members agreed to try and meet eight development goals bythe year 2015.
One of the goalsis to ensure that clean water is available to everyone,
As in manyplaces water is not safe to drink unless it is boiled.
Another is toensure all children complete primary education.
For moreinformation, you may like to look it up on the UN website.
So you see, withthe work of the UN the world has been brought closer together.
Changing theworld-my commitment
Arrived here tofind everything was in chaos.
Have not hadtime to write my diary for a whole week.
The whole islandis flooded. Many of the people have fled to the mountains to escape.
The hospital isbadly damaged and in a mess; it cannot be used at the moment.
This is a newexperience for me.
Usually, I amworking in areas that have dry climates, such as Kenya and Sudan.
In Sudan, we setup centres to ensure that people got food and we checked the health of babiesto make sure they were putting on weight.
We also gavechildren shots to stop them dying from diseases.
However, thatcampaign was conducted in villages where there was lots of fighting, far fromthe city.
Running from oneplace to another became a way of life.
The situation isvery different here, as are the problems.
Instead of sandblowing everywhere, there is mud and water everywhere,
making itdifficult to travel from place to place.
Yesterday, mycolleagues on the medical team and I (two doctors, one nurse-me-and twoassistants) found a vacant health centre on the north side of the town.
We are going toset up a temporary clinic there. Medical supplies are now on their way fromabroad.
We have startedto clean the health centre.
One of thehealth problems is that people who need to take medicines regularly cannot gethold of them in a disaster such as this.
Small injuriesalso need to be taken care of, especially as it is so muddy and damp. Themajority of wounds are from walls and roofs that have fallen on people.
The water makesit difficult for the cuts and wounds to get better and easy for bacteria tospread.
Meanwhile, inthe rest of the city, shelter and access to food and clean water are bigproblems.
The fields andharvest have been destroyed, and so a lack of food will be a problem in thefuture.
Food has startedto arrive, but this is a problem as people have started to worry that they willnot get enough.
This morning,there were fights as crowds of people tried to get food.
It reminded meof my time in Sudan, where several Doctors without Borders staff were attackedas people tried to get the food.
One good thinghere is that many people can speak English or French.
This makes iteasier to communicate and find out about people’s problems.
When you can’tspeak the same language, it is sometimes very difficult to find out what iswrong with someone.
However, myacting skills are very good, so I can still communicate with people, even whenthere is a language barrier and no interpreter around.
It seems thatmany people here just need to talk, so I am finding that my job is not limitedto being a nurse.
It is also beinga person who can listen to and comfort others.
It is quitehorrible to imagine losing everything, including some of your family.
Our first jobhere was to try to organize a place 诱导公式to bury the people who were killed.
We needed to dothis as soon as possible to stop disease spreading.
That was areally horrible job and I felt so sorry for their relatives.
When I thinkback to all the experiences that I have had around the world since joiningDoctors without Borders,
I feel that Ihave been very lucky to be able to help o格桑花,罗伊斯-春天万物复苏百家争鸣的时节可是对过敏性体质主张thers and do something worthwhile.
Now I must thinkabout tomorrow. We hope the clinic will be open and then I won’t have any timeto write my diary.
This experiencemakes me appreciate all the things I have and gives me the chance to see thingsfrom another angle.
I know I can’tchange the whole world, but I’m proud that I can help here and there,
and make adifference to people’s lives.